How to write an essay in German: structure, expressions, simple techniques for writing a good text, as well as an example of a ready-made essay. Read about all this in our material.
An argumentative essay is a small essay-expression written on a controversial topic. The essay defends a certain thesis regarding which it is possible to give arguments "for" and "against" 99papers reviews.
The purpose of writing an essay: To express and prove one's opinion, to convince the audience of a certain point of view and incline them to one's side. A great deal of attention is given to criticizing the opposing position.
First, we read the topic carefully and check what arguments the topic requires: arguments of a general nature or there is an opportunity to express one's own opinion. Then we think about the content, the completeness of the task. When planning an essay with arguments "for" and "against" we place the material in four paragraphs.
Structure of the essay
- Introduction (statement of the problem).
- Arguments "for".
- Arguments "against".
Introduction (statement of the problem)
The first paragraph - the introduction - includes several sentences that introduce the topic and express its dual nature.
The following language material can be used:
Man sagt, dass... - It is said that ...
Laut (der Verfassung) ..., - By (the Constitution) ...
Nach den Worten von ... - According to ...
Es ist sehr interessant, ... - Interesting, ...
Es ist eine gute Frage, (ob)... - It is a good question, ...
When working on arguments, remember that we write the arguments for and against in separate paragraphs.
(+) ARGUMENTS FOR, for example:
Ich verstehe mich gut mit meinen Eltern. - I am on good terms with my parents.
Sie lieben mich. - They love me
Sie helfen mir immer, wenn ich Hilfe brauche. - They help me whenever I need help.
Dabei akzeptieren sie meine Meinung. - They acknowledge my opinion.
Dazu geben sie mir genug Taschengeld. - In addition, they give me enough pocket money.
(-) ARGUMENTS AGAINST, for example:
Die Erwachsenen können die Jugendlichen nicht verstehen. - Adults may not understand young people.
Dabei meinen sie, dass die meisten Jugendlichen nur Spaß vom Leben haben wollen. - In addition, they think that mostly young people only want pleasure out of life.
Dazu sind sie oft zu autoritär. - And they are also too authoritarian.
Außerdem akzeptieren sie nie die Meinung ihrer Kinder. - In addition, they do not recognize their children's opinions.
The following conjunctions and allied words are used to introduce contrasting arguments: aber, andererseits, trotz (G.), trotzdem, obwohl, im Gegensatz zu.
In the last paragraph we should summarize what has been said and draw a conclusion: again, we write a sentence that reflects the contradictory nature of the topic, but at the same time, gives hope of finding a compromise. If the topic allows, you can clearly express your opinion here.
We use the expressions:
zum Schluss - in conclusion,
im Ergebnis - in the end,
also - so,
im Großen und Ganzen - in general,
zusammengefasst - summarizing.
The sentence structures should be complex.
Try to use more impersonal sentences.
Do not use abbreviations (z.B., usw).
Give examples where possible.
Follow the rules of spelling and punctuation.
Compose compound sentences with conjunctions (und, denn, sondern, aber, oder, weil, daß, obwohl, and so on). Change the structure of the sentence. Use reverse word order.
Use as many adverbs as possible Time expressions (manchmal, letztes Jahr, in einem Jahr, vor vielen Jahren), expressions of opinion (meiner Meinung nach...) and expressions of probability (wahrscheinlich, hoffentlich, vielleicht ...).
In your introduction or conclusion, ask direct or indirect rhetorical questions (e.g., Warum ist das wichtig?).
Before you begin writing your essay, read the assignment carefully. Your text should be logically structured. If it has a clear structure, the reader will understand more quickly. This is also assessed on the exam.
Even before you begin, imagine the constituent parts of the text:
Introduction: restate the topic from the assignment.
Main part: give some arguments "for" and "against".
Conclusion: own experience and own opinion.
The introduction is the topic conveyed in other words. Learn to paraphrase the topic. Use synonymous constructions, or other grammatical constructions, or state the topic in your own words. You also need to explain to whom and why the topic matters.
Consider how you can improve the draft. Add adjectives (including comparative and superlative degrees), adverbs, descriptive phrases. Use synonyms, modal verbs, talking about what could or should happen; use the subjunctive mood. All these techniques will diversify your writing, make it more colorful and interesting. When writing an essay, you should not use abstruse words that you have seen in the dictionary and never use.